Implementation Guide


A. Techniques and Exercises
B. Forms and Formats
C. Pictures and Overheads
D. Written Products and Examples
E. Data Resources



A. Techniques and Exercises

1.  Technique: The Language of Accountability and How to diagnose language usage

2.Decisiones y Presupuestos Basados en Resultados y Rendimientos: Materiales de Trabajo Material de responsabilidad con los Resultados, Libro de trabajo 101. Traducido por Patricia Zuluagar. (Complete translation, by Patricia Zuluagar, of current Results-Based Accountability 101 Workbook.

3.  Technique: A Tool for Choosing a Common Language and When Language goes Astray  

4.  Technique: The Leaking Roof (A Teaching Example from Everyday Experience)

5.  Sorting Exercise #1: Indicator: Rate of Teen Pregnancy - Help groups put the pieces in the right place within the results and performance framework - developed in collaboration with Lynn DeLapp

6.  Sorting Exercise #2: Result: "All Children Ready for School"

7.  Sorting Exercise #3: Result: "Clean Environment"

8.  Training for Trainers and Coaches: Teaching and Coaching Construction Kit, Results-Based Accountability Competencies and more:

9.   Exercise to Design a Legislative Results Hearing 

10.   Exercise to Design a Legislative Performance Hearing

11.Exercise: Turn the Curve Exercise (for populations) - Exercise Design

12.Exercise: Turn the Curve Exercise (for populations) - One Page Participant Instructions

13.Exercise: The Whole Distance from Results to What Works Including the schematics for both population and performance versions

14.  Exercise: Story Analysis for Results-Based Accountability

15.   Technique: Help a group see how population accountability is beyond any one agency and beyond government itself

16.  Technique:  Generating a Results List from scratch

17.  Technique:  Brainstorming a list of experiences for a result

18.Technique: Creating Baselines from Group Knowledge and Consensus

19.   Technique: Creating a forecast for an indicator baseline

20.   Technique: Choosing the most powerful what works ideas (By assessing your What Works ideas against 4 criteria)

21.   Technique: A Simple Financing Self Assessment - Questions to Answer about Financing an Agenda to Improve Outcomes for Children and Families

22.   Exercise: Turn the Curve Exercise (for programs and agencies) - One Page Participant Instructions

23.   Exercise: Story Analysis for Performance Accountability

24.   Technique: A five step process that helps people identify performance measures, select the most important ones, and create a data development agenda

25.   Technique: How to select the most important "headline" performance measures

26.    Technique: Performance Accountability in 20 Minutes

27.   Technique: Measuring the alignment of two populations: This is an innovative method for calculating the degree of alignment (scored from 0 to 100) on any population characteristic so that it may be tracked as an indicator or performance measure.

28.   RBA Self Assessment Questions Version 3 NEW This is a draft of questions that organizations can ask themselves to assess progress on implementing RBA

B. Forms and Formats

1.Answer These Questions - Put It In This Format

2.Plan Formats - A collection of ways to structure results based plans and budgets

2.1 Answer These Questions - Put It In This Format

2.2 Budget format with Volume I (population results) and Volume II (program/agency performanc

2.3 San Mateo County Budget - selected pages

2.4 Hennepin County Budget - selected pages 

2.5 A Possible Action Plan Outline

2.6 School Improvement Plan Formats

2.7 Prototype Implementation Plan Format

2.8 Wyoming Strategic Planning formats

2.9 Foundation Investment Summary outline

3.  Approach to Unified Planning for Schools and School Districts

4.What's Next: A Basic Action Plan to pursue Results-Based Accountability

5.Crosswalk to other frameworks - blank form

6.Crosswalk to Logic Model frameworks (including United Way)

7.Indicator Selection Worksheet

8.Indicator Selection Criteria

9.  What Works Criteria Worksheet

10.   Action Plan for Improving Results - Possible Outline

11.   Results and Performance Budgeting Formats - Volume I and II

12.   Families and Children Inc. Board of Directors Meeting Agenda

13.   Prototype Implementation Plan Format

14.   Progress Report Prototype

15.   San Mateo County Outcome-Based Budget Format

C. Pictures and Overheads

1.   The Entire Results-Based Accountability 101 Workbook - Available for printing as 
an Adobe Acrobat file

2.   RBA 101 Powerpoint Presentation with Narrative 

3.   Management, Budgeting and Strategic Planning as a Single System

4.   Placer County California: Child Assessment Form

5.Anywhere leads to Everywhere: Con Hogan's chart that helps people understand the interconnected nature of results.

6.Results-Based Accountability Leads to New Questions (Con Hogan)

7.  Choosing a Common Language

8.   A Strategy Map for Results Based Budgeting

9.   Talk to Action Schematic

10.Advanced view of the relationship between Performance Measures and Indicators

11.   Identifying Populations and Subpopulations

12.   Summary: The Difference between the Role of Indicators and the Role of Performance Measures

13.   Experience list for "children healthy and ready for school"

14.  Approaches to Budget Cuts

15.   Trading Outcome Accountability for Fund Flexibility:
The Deal

16.  The Seven Questions Central to Performance Accountability

17    Performance Measurement: A Step by Step Schematic

18   What's in it for Me? An educator's view of why performance accountability might be useful

19.  Quantity and Quality vs. Effort and Effect

20.  Link: 4 Quadrants to other performance measurement terminology

21.   The link between client results and population results

22.   Separating the Wheat from the Chaff: Types of Performance Measures found in each Quadrant

23.  Administrative Unit Performance Measures

24.   Performance Measure Examples for Programs and Services

25.  A Funders Role in Results-Based Accountability

26.  Characteristics of Good Performance Measurement Systems

D. Written Products and Examples

1.The Language of Accountability

2.Partners Profiles: First person reasons to invest in children and families from the perspective of 16 potential partners  

3.   11 Things a Legislature could consider to advance Results-Based Accountability  

4.   Getting to Results, Building a Prototype for Results-Based Accountability in Maryland, Excerpt from Maryland 2001 Kids Count Factbook, by Phil Lee, University of Maryland School of Public Affairs

5.   The Matter of Alignment

6.Results-Based Accountability One Pager: What is it? Why do it? - 5 minute version

7.Link to Report Card Websites and other Sites with Exemplary Reporting on Results and Indicators

8.   The Cost of Bad Results What is it?; Why do it?; How to do it?; What do we do with it once it's done?

9.   Imaginary press conference script for reporting progress on a 10 year effort to improve the well-being of young children and their families

10.   "Get to the Point Planning"

11.   A script for introducing a results-based budget by a department director

12.   Performance Measure examples  forChild Welfare, Welfare to Work, Education, Juvenile Justice, Mental Health, Corrections, Economic Development and more

13.   San Mateo County Outcome-Based Budget Pilot excerpts

14.  San Mateo County 2002 - 2003 Performance Budgeting - one of the best examples of performance budgeting.

15. Hennepin County Human Services Group Proposed 2002 Budget, Selected Pages

16.   Link to Hennepin County Results-based budget

E. Data Resources
with Thanks to David Murphey and Bill O'hare

1.  The Annie E. Casey Foundation

a.  Kids Count: State by state data on child and family well-being:  

b. CLIKS: County-City-Community Data on Kids. Child and Family Well-being at the State and Sub-state levels:  This is a terrific resource which shows multi-year data organized under 5 results, and allows the creation of line graph baselines.  

c. Right Start 2003: Data drawn from birth certificates on 8 key indicators in the 50 states and top 50 cities

2. The two most important data reference books on statistics in the USA:

The STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES You can get the latest year plus previous editions and historical data back to colonial times!

The GREEN BOOK of the House Ways & Means Committee: This is the "bible" of many analysts in D.C. and is now available on line! This is the authoritative source for many statistics on TANF, Child Welfare and many other federal/state programs.

3. Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics: Includes: "America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-being," international comparisons and links to federal and state statistics.

4. National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information

5. Child Trends: Latest national trends on over 70 indicators of child and youth well-being 

6. U.S. Census Bureau population, housing, economic and geographic data: 

7. National Center for Education Statistics: 

8. Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce: Includes economic data, international, national, regional and by industry

9. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor: Includes data on employment and unemployment, Inflation, wages, earnings and benefits. 

10. Center for Disease Control and Prevention: National center for health statistics. 

11. World Health Organization: Data on health status and health expenditures by country.

12. Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice: Includes data on crime & victims, criminal offenders, law enforcement and

13. FBI: Uniform crime reports: 

14. Environmental Defense (formerly the Environmental Defense Fund) It is extremely difficult to find any summary environmental data on the EPA website. These websites are great resources until EPA comes around.



15. Environmental Protection Agency:

16. DOT National Highway Transportation Safety Administration - State Traffic Safety Information

17. DOT National Highway Transportation Safety Administration - Fatality Analysis Reporting

18. Sites with Exemplary Reporting on Results and Indicators

19. The Urban Institute:

20. Pathways Mapping Initiative - Site Map  This is a rich resource for ideas about what works, and it also includes lots of links to data sources for key indicators.

21. National Children's Study A 21 year longitudinal study of the well-being of children in the United States. Research started November, 2004. Go to this site for study status and to sign up for email updates.

22.  Information Center on Disabilities and Gifted Education:


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