Licensing of Intellectual Property
the Licensing Agreement
of Licensed Partners
Results-Based Accountability TM (RBA)
Outcomes-Based Accountability TM (OBA)
Intellectual Property Licensing Fee Requirements for Consultants
This document sets out licensing and fee requirements for the use of RBA/OBA
intellectual property. RBA/OBA intellectual property includes material authored
by Mark Friedman, including the book "Trying Hard Is Not Good Enough,"
the websites www.resultsaccountability.com and www.raguide.org, and numerous
papers on the topics of management, budgeting, planning and accountability
dating back to 1993.
Except as noted below, RBA/OBA intellectual property is free for use (with
attribution) by government and nonprofit or voluntary sector organizations.
There is a similar exemption for small for-profit consulting groups as outlined
below. Larger for-profit organizations are required to pay an annual fee
for use of RBA/OBA intellectual property based on the size of the organization.
These requirements take effect for calendar year 2010.
A. Basic Principles:
1. Public Good Part 1: The single most important purpose of RBA/OBA is
to improve the lives of children, adults, families and communities. For
this reason, RBA/OBA has been and always will be free for use by government
and nonprofit/voluntary sector organizations.
2. Public Good Part 2: Small consulting organizations often provide services
to community-based organizations that would not be affordable at the rates
charged by larger organizations. Such small organizations are an important
to the growth and development of RBA/OBA around the world. Such organizations
will typically have less ability to pay licensing fee.s And the transaction
costs involved in collecting the fees would be disproportional to the amount
of the fees. For this reason, small for-profit organizations should also
have free access to the use of RBA/OBA.
3. Fairness Part 1: Large for-profit organizations that use RBA/OBA to generate
revenue should pay a fair share of their profits for the use of RBA/OBA
4. Fairness Part 2: Nonprofit organizations that charge a fee for consulting
services are essentially indistinguishable from for-profit organizations
and should be treated as such.
5. Quality Part 1: Licensing fee agreements should promote the quality of
RBA/OBA practice and should not restrict competition.
6. Quality Part 2: In order to assure quality of RBA/OBA work, FPSI must
retain the right to refuse to permit any organization to use RBA/OBA intellectual
6. Clarity and Simplicity: To the extent possible, any licensing arrangement
should be easy to understand. The easiest things to count in any organization
are number of people and gross revenues. There is a tradeoff between simplicity
and precision. It is better to err on the side of simplicity.
B. Size of Covered Organizations:
1. Small organizations: The general he purpose of the exemption for small
organizations is to protect small consulting groups from any fee obligation.
For purposes of clarity and simplicity this is converted into a gross revenue
amount of US$500,000 per year. (Note: all dollar references are US dollars
or their converted equivalent.)
2. Large organizations: Larger organizations are those with gross revenues
above $500,000 per year. Larger for-profit organizations should pay fees
in relationship to their ability to pay. This is based on a stepped graduation
in size above $500,000. The size of the organization is based on the size
of the largest parent organization within which the actual consulting practice
C. Mandatory fee calculations Part 1:
The annual fee obligation for a large for-profit consulting organization
will be determined by two factors: gross revenue and the number of employees
who spend the equivalent of two full days (16 hours) or more using RBA/OBA
intellectual property in their work during the year. Licensing fees will
be paid on a look back basis, that is on revenue and employee
counts from the year ending December 31st or the end of the fiscal year
of the organization. Licensing fees will be payable 45 days after the end
of the calendar or fiscal year. First payments will be due February 15,
2011 or 6 weeks following the end of the fiscal year.
D. Mandatory fee calculations Part 2:
1. Any organization with gross revenues in excess of US$ 500,000 but less
than $1,000,000 will be required to pay US$1,000 per year for each employee
meeting the test in C. above.
2. Any organization with gross revenues of at least US$ 1,000,000 but less
than US$ 5,000,000 will be required to pay US$2,000 per year for each employee
meeting the test in C. above.
3. Any organization with gross revenues above US$ 5,000,000 will be required
to pay US$4,000 per year for each employee meeting the test in C. above.
E. Benefits of Licensing:
Organizations entering into a licensing agreement will receive:
1. Permission to use the phrase Licensed to use RBA/OBA in
their promotional material.
2. A listing on the FPSI and RLG websites of licensed organizations or individuals
along with contact information. Such listing is not an endorsement of the
organization or its work.
3. 10% discount on book and DVD orders from RLG.
F. Voluntary Registration and Voluntary Fees:
Smaller organizations may pay a voluntary licensing fee of US$250 per year,
for which they receive the benefits described in section E. above.
G. Method of agreement and payment:
1. RLG will act as the licensing agent on behalf of FPSI.
2. To the extent possible both the agreement and the payment will be automated
on line at the RLG website. Except as provided in section I below, licensing
agreements will automatically renew. However annual payment amounts may
vary as organizational gross revenue or employee counts change.
3. The licensing agreement will contain language committing the organization
a. Full attribution of all RBA/OBA ideas to Mark Friedman and the book "Trying
Hard Is Not Good Enough."
b. Maintain the intellectual integrity and coherence of RBA/OBA. This means
that RBA/OBA ideas may not be combined with ideas from other frameworks
and used under the name RBA/OBA or a separate name.
H. Open Enrollment Workshop Exception: Any organization that delivers an
RBA/OBA open enrollment workshop that requires payment for registration
must pay an additional licensing fee of $1000 per workshop.
I. Denial or Termination of Permission to use RBA/OBA
1. FPSI may at its sole discretion refuse to enter into a licensing agreement
or renew a licensing agreement with any organization.
2. FPSI may terminate a licensing agreement during the period of the agreement
3. FPSI may at its sole discretion withdraw permission to use RBA/OBA intellectual
property from any organization, including government and nonprofit organizations.
4. FPSI reserves the right to refuse voluntary registration or to prohibit
the use of RBA/OBA intellectual property by any small for-profit organization.
J. Exceptions: An organization may request exceptions from these rules
based on demonstrated hardship. FPSI will consider exceptions to these rules
on a case by case basis.
K. Amendments: These rules are subject to amendment. Notices of amendments
will be posted on the FPSI and RLG websites.
L. Comments or Questions about these requirements may be addressed to:
Fiscal Policy Studies Institute
7 Avenida Vista Grande #140
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Results Leadership Group, LLC
"The Nation's Leading Results-Based Accountability Resource"
7960 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 10-C
Bethesda, MD 20814